Malware is any harmful software purposefully created to harm a computer, software system, server, consumer, or other computer network. There are a wide array of malicious software types available, such as computer viruses, Trojan horses, worms, encryption programs, ransomware, adware, and spyware. Malware often comes bundled with freeware, shareware, or freebies as a part of a promotion, only for you to download and/or buy additional programs. Some malicious software may even have a damaging program that runs while you are online, requiring your computer to continually open and read files.
Several types of malware have become extremely malicious and widespread, making it very difficult to protect yourself against them. Some examples include banking malware, phishing scams, keylogging software, and the most popular form of malware, keyloggers. These are programs installed on user’s computers without their knowledge, who use repetitive actions (such as clicking a link) to collect data from a PC. The data is then sent out across the Internet where others can use it for online shopping, receiving emails, accessing personal files, and so much more.
Computer viruses can spread from one computer to another by using communication methods such as email. Computer viruses can also be spread by running an infected program on a computer. Major types of malware include spyware, Trojan horses, viruses, adware, and worms. In order to protect your computer from malicious programs and maintain privacy, it’s important that you learn about the different types of malware.
Some examples of typical Malware include banking malware, which operates in the background, stealing account and credit card information. It can also come in the form of malicious software programmed to track your Internet usage and send the information to advertisers. Spyware monitors your browsing activities and sends information about your browser activity back to a third party website. Adware tracks your websites and displays advertising based on your browsing habits. There are several ways that Malware can spread through your devices.
Computer malware spread in a number of ways.
Typical viruses spread through emails, file sharing applications, and file corruption. Trojans can spread through P2P programs, game downloading, or through infected blogs and web pages. In order to protect against several different types of Malware attacks, it’s important that you have the protection of a good antivirus and anti-spyware program.
Common characteristics of Malware include web browser hijacking, sending email to random persons, monitoring your web browsing activities, and spreading through various removable mediums including floppy disks, CD ROMs, and USB drives. Many businesses have lost millions of dollars to fraudulent malware attacks, because the infected employee only downloaded a harmless piece of software. The most common way that Malware spreads is through an email attachment or infected program download.
One of the most common types of Malware is a Trojan horse.
Trojan horses are designed to delete or damage files, but do not usually include virus-related features. Trojans are used in various spyware programs and internet fraud. The most common types of worms are also classified as Malware, but there are many types of worms that also cause other types of Malware as well.
Some worms are classified as Malware by the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) but are not really considered malware. The definition of Malware is “A software program that intentionally damages a computer system or information within the computer system” but does not include viruses.
- These are all Malware by another name, but are installed in the same manner as viruses.
- Malware can create a huge amount of problems for a business, and the cost to eliminate infected computers from the network can be very high.
- Businesses should take every step to avoid Malware by using an updated anti-virus software program and installing it regularly.